Purpose of the project¶
Modernize is a Python program that reads Python 2 source code and applies a series of fixers to transform it into source code that is valid on both Python 3 and Python 2.7.
This allows you to run your test suite on Python 2.7 and Python 3 so you can gradually port your code to being fully Python 3 compatible without slowing down development of your Python 2 project.
python -m modernize command works like
python -m fissix, see fissix.
Here’s how you’d rewrite a
python -m modernize -w example.py
It does not guarantee, but it attempts to spit out a codebase compatible
with Python 2.6+ or Python 3. The code that it generates has a runtime
dependency on six, unless the
--no-six option is used. Version 1.9.0 or later of
recommended. Some of the fixers output code that is not compatible with
Python 2.5 or lower.
Once your project is ready to run in production on Python 3 it’s recommended to drop Python 2.7 support using pyupgrade
LICENSE file for the license of
Using this tool does not affect licensing of the modernized code.
This library is a very thin wrapper around fissix, a fork of lib2to3.
The project website can be found on GitHub and the PyPI project name is modernize
A note about handling text literals¶
By default modernize does not change Unicode literals at all, which means that you can take advantage of PEP 414. This is the simplest option if you only want to support Python 3.3 and above along with Python 2.
Alternatively, there is the
--six-unicodeflag which will wrap Unicode literals with the six helper function
modernize.fixes.fix_unicodefixer. This is useful if you want to support Python 3.1 and Python 3.2 without bigger changes.
The last alternative is the
--future-unicodeflag which imports the
__future__module using the
modernize.fixes.fix_unicode_futurefixer. This requires Python 2.6 and later, and will require that you mark bytestrings with
b''and native strings in
str('')or something similar that survives the transformation.